Centre And State Relations During Emergencies

(i) During the operation of a national emergency (under Article 352), the Center becomes entitled to give executive directions to the State on ‘any’ matter. Thus, the state governments come under the complete control of the Centre, although they are not suspended.

(ii) When President’s rule is imposed in a State (under Article 356), the President may take over the functions of the State Government and the powers vested in the Governor or any other executive authority in the State.

(iii) During the operation of a financial emergency (under Article 360), the Center can direct the States to follow the principles of financial propriety and the President can give other necessary directions including a reduction in the salaries of persons serving in the State and judges of High Courts.

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