Article 342 Scheduled Tribes In The Indian Constitution

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Article 342: Scheduled Tribes

342(1) The President 1 may with respect to any State or Union territory, and where it is a State 2, after consultation with the Governor 3 thereof, by public notification4, specify the tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within tribes or tribal communities which shall for the purposes of this Constitution be deemed to be Scheduled Tribes in relation to that State or Union territory, as the case may be.

342(2): Parliament may by law include in or exclude from the list of Scheduled Tribes specified in a notification issued under clause (1) any tribe or tribal community or part of or group within any tribe or tribal community, but save as aforesaid a notification issued under the said clause shall not be varied by any subsequent notification.


  1. Substituted by the 1st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1951, s. 11, for “may, after consultation with the Governor or Rajpramukh of a State,” (w.e.f. 18-6-1951).
  2. The words and letters “specified in Part A or Part B of the First Schedule” omitted by the 7th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1956, s. 29 and Sch. (w.e.f. 1-11-1956).
  3. The words “or Rajpramukh” omitted by s. 29 and Sch., ibid.
  4. See the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 (C.O. 22), the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) (Union Territories) Order, 1951 (C.O. 33), the Constituion (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) Scheduled Tribes Order, 1959 (C.O. 58), the Constitution (Dadra and Nagar Haveli) (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1962 (C.O. 65), the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) (Uttar Pradesh) Order, 1967 (C.O. 78), the Constitution (Goa, Daman and Diu) Scheduled Tribes Order, 1968 (C.O. 82), the Constitution (Nagaland) Scheduled Tribes Order, 1970, (C.O 88) and the Constitution (Sikkim) Scheduled Tribes Order, 1978 (C.O. 111).

-Text in Constitution

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