Article 231 of The Indian Constitution: Common HC for More States

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Article 231: Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States

231(1): Notwithstanding anything contained in the preceding provisions of this Chapter, Parliament may by law establish a common High Court for two or more States or for two or more States and a Union territory.

231(2): In relation to any such High Court,—

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(b) the reference in article 227 to the Governor shall, in relation to any rules, forms or tables for subordinate courts, be construed as a reference to the Governor of the State in which the subordinate courts are situate; and

(c) the references in articles 219 and article 229 to the State shall be construed as a reference to the State in which the High Court has its principal seat:

Provided that if such principal seat is in a Union territory, the references in articles 219 and 229 to the Governor, Public Service Commission, Legislature and Consolidated Fund of the State shall be construed respectively as references to the President, Union Public Service Commission, Parliament and Consolidated Fund of India.


  1. Sub-clause (a) omitted by the 99th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2014, s. 10 (w.e.f. 13-4-2015). This amendment has been struck down by the Supreme Court vide its order dated the 16th October, 2015 in the Supreme Court Advocates’ on Record Association and Another Vs. Union of India reported in AIR 2016 SC 117. Before Amendment Sub-clause (a) was as under:– “(a) the reference in article 217 to the Governor of the State shall be construed as to the reference to the Governors of all the State’s in relation to which the High Court exercises jurisdiction.”.

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Article 231 of the Indian constitution Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States

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