Among all the committees of the Constituent Assembly, the most important committee was the Drafting Committee set up on August 29, 1947.
It consisted of seven members. They were:
- Dr. BR Ambedkar (Chairman)
- N Gopalaswamy Ayyangar (Vice Chairman)
- Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar
- Dr. K M Munshi
- Syed Mohammad Saadullah
- N Madhava Rau (He replaced B L Mitter who resigned due to ill health)
- TT Krishnamachari (He replaced D P Khaitan who died in 1948)
Background Of Drafting Committee Members
|Members of the Drafting Committee||Important Facts|
|Alladi Krishnaswami Iyer||He was an Indian barrister who served in the Constituent Assembly, which drafted the Indian Constitution. According to B.R. Ambedkar, Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer was the chief architect of the Constitution of India and chairperson of the committee.|
|N. Gopalaswami||He has a reputable literary reputation in Gujarati. In 1938, he established the educational trust Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. He served on a number of committees of the Constituent Assembly, including the Drafting Committee, Advisory Committee, and Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights. In his draft on fundamental rights, he argued that progressive rights should be included.|
|B.R. Ambedkar||He was the first Minister of Law and Justice of independent India, the chief draftsman of the Constitution of India, and a founding father of the Republic of India.|
|K.M Munshi||He has a reputable literary reputation in Gujarati. In 1938, he established the educational trust Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.He served on a number of committees of the Constituent Assembly, including the Drafting Committee, Advisory Committee, and Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights. In his draft on fundamental rights, he argued that progressive rights should be included.|
|Mohammad Saadulla||Saadulla was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Assam, out of 28 Muslim League members who attended the proceedings of the Assembly, he was one of them and he was the only Muslim League member to sit in the Drafting Committee. His interventions in the Assembly mostly revolved around securing financial stability, and minority rights of Assam.|
|B.L. Mitter||Due to their bad health, he was replaced by N Madhav Rao as a member of the Drafting Committee.|
|D.P. Khaitan||He was the prominent statesman DP Khaitan was being one of the architects of the Indian Constitution. During the assembly proceedings, he intervened on the issue of freedom of speech. After his death, TT Krishnamachari became a member of the drafting committee.|
Purpose of Drafting Committee
It was this committee that was entrusted with the task of preparing a draft of the new Constitution.
Main Purpose: The Drafting Committee was in effect charged with the duty of preparing a Constitution in accordance with the decisions of the Constituent Assembly on the reports made by the various Committees appointed by it such as the Union Powers Committee, the Union Constitution Committee, the Provincial Constitution Committee and the Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities, Tribal Areas, etc.
Drafting Committee Working
The Drafting Committee, after taking into consideration the proposals of the various committees, prepared the first draft of the Constitution of India, which was published on 21st February 1948.
The first draft was published to the public and made open for suggestions from the Indian public.
The people of India were given eight months to discuss the draft and propose amendments.
In light of the public comments, criticisms, and suggestions, the Drafting Committee prepared a second draft, which was published in October 1948.
Since its establishment in 1947, the drafting committee took 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days to frame the full Constitution of India.
The Constituent Assembly took around 11 sessions over the course of 165 days in total, out of these, 114 days were spent on the deliberations of the drafting committee and the draft Constitution.
Drafting Committee Final Draft of the Constitution
Each member of the Constituent Assembly has signed two copies of the newly made Indian Constitution, one in Hindi and the other in English.
The original constitution is hand-written, with each page decorated by renowned artists from Shantiniketan including Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose. Its calligrapher was Prem Behari Narain Raizada.
The Constitution of India was published in Dehradun and photolithography was done at the Survey of India.
Production of the original Indian Constitution took nearly five years.
The estimated cost of the Constituent Assembly was ₹64 Lakhs. The Constitution has had more than 100 amendments since has been enacted.
When drafting committee was set up?
On August 29, 1947
Who was the chairman of the drafting committee?
Dr. B. R. Ambedakar