IPC Section 354C: Voyeurism

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IPC Section 354C: Voyeurism

1Any man who watches, or captures the image of a woman engaging in a private act in circumstances where she would usually have the expectation of not being observed either by the perpetrator or by any other person at the behest of the perpetrator or disseminates such image shall be punished on first conviction with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than one year, but which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine, and be punished on a second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than three years, but which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Explanation 1:-For the purpose of this section, “private act” includes an act of watching carried out in a place which, in the circumstances, would reasonably be expected to provide privacy and where the victim’s genitals, posterior or breasts are exposed or covered only in underwear; or the victim is using a lavatory; or the victim is doing a sexual act that is not of a kind ordinarily done in public.

Explanation 2:-“Where the victim consents to the capture of the images or any act, but not to their dissemination to third persons and where such image or act is disseminated, such dissemination shall be considered an offence under this section.


  1. Ins. by Act 13 of 2013, s. 7 (w.e.f. 3-2-2013)

-Text In Indian Penal Code

Punishment1 to 3 years + Fine for first conviction3 to 7 years + Fine for second or subsequent conviction
Triable ByCourt of SessionCourt of Session
Offence CompoundableOffence is NOT CompoundableOffence is NOT Compoundable

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